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AUDIO SPOT LIGHTING
Post: #1

My topic was selected.it is audio spot lighting.I got some semiar reports from the net.But it is not much for me.I want to know more about it.I have a lot of doubts.I want to know about it block diagram.what is bekyats equation?what is it's importance in audio spot lighting?.what device use for produce ultra sound?what input is given to the device?what is audio spot light emitter?and a lot of doubts in mind.Repily assoon as possible.
Post: #2
Hi
You can see a full report about AUDIO SPOT LIGHTING from the bellow thread,
https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ull-report
Post: #3
PPT on Audio Spotlighting
Post: #4
Hi you can find the detailed report of AUDIO SPOT LIGHTING in
https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ull-report
https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=4
https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=3
https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=2
Post: #5
My topic was selected.it is audio spot lighting.I got some semiar reports from the net.But it is not much for me.I want to know more about it.I have a lot of doubts.I want to know about it block diagram.what is bekyats equation?what is it's importance in audio spot lighting?.what device use for produce ultra sound?what input is given to the device?what is audio spot light emitte?SadSadSad
Post: #6
to get information about the topic electronics seminar ppt full report,ppt, related topic refer the link bellow

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=4

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ull-report

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=2

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=3

http://project-seminars.com/attachment.php?aid=9012
Post: #7
to get information about the topic audio spotlighting material full report ppt, and related topics refer the link bellow

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=3

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...5#pid64685

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ull-report

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=4

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...ort?page=2

https://seminarsprojects.net/Thread-audi...?pid=39679
Post: #8
AUDIO SPOTLIGHTING


.doc  AUDIO SPOTLIGHTING (1).DOC (Size: 759.5 KB / Downloads: 24)


ABSTRACT

Audio spot lighting is a very recent technology that creates focused beams of sound similar to light beams coming out of a flashlight. By ‘shining’ sound to one location, specific listeners can be targeted with sound without others nearby hearing it. It uses a combination of non-linear acoustics and some fancy mathematics. But it is real and is fine to knock the socks of any conventional loud speaker. This acoustic device comprises a speaker that fires inaudible ultrasound pulses with very small wavelength which act in a manner very similar to that of a narrow column. The ultra sound beam acts as an airborne speaker and as the beam moves through the air gradual distortion takes place in a predictable way due to the property of non-linearity of air. This gives rise to audible components that can be accurately predicted and precisely controlled. Joseph Pompei’s Holosonic Research Labs invented the Audio Spotlight that is made of a sound processor, an amplifier and the transducer. The American Technology Corporation developed the Hyper Sonic Sound-based Directed Audio Sound System. Both use ultrasound based solutions to beam sound into a focused beam. Audio spotlight can be either directed at a particular listener or to a point where it is reflected.
The targeted or directed audio technology is going to a huge commercial market in entertainment and consumer electronics and technology developers are scrambling to tap in to the market. Being the most recent and dramatic change in the way we perceive sound since the invention of coil loud speaker, audio spot light technology can do many miracles in various fields like Private messaging system, Home theatre audio system, Navy and military applications, museum displays, ventriloquist systems etc. Thus audio spotlighting helps us to control where sound comes from and where it goes!

INTRODUCTION

JUST WHAT IS AUDIO SPOTLIGHTING?
Audio spot lighting is a very recent technology that creates focused beams of sound similar to light beams coming out of a flashlight. By ‘shining’ sound to one location, specific listeners can be targeted with sound without others nearby hearing it, ie to focus sound into a coherent and highly directional beam. It uses a combination of non-linear acoustics and some fancy mathematics. But it is real and is fine to knock the socks of any conventional loud speaker.
The Audio Spotlight & Hyper Sonic Sound Technology (developed by American Technology Corporation), uses ultrasonic energy to create extremely narrow beams of sound that behave like beams of light. Audio spotlighting exploits the property of non-linearity of air. When inaudible ultrasound pulses are fired into the air, it spontaneously converts the inaudible ultrasound into audible sound tones, hence proved that as with water, sound propagation in air is just as non-linear, and can be calculated mathematically. A device known as a parametric array employs the non-linearity of the air to create audible by-products from inaudible ultrasound, resulting in an extremely directive, beamlike wide-band acoustical source. This source can be projected about an area much like a spotlight, and creates an actual specialized sound distant from the transducer. The ultrasound column acts as an airborne speaker, and as the beam moves through the air, gradual distortion takes place in a predictable way. This gives rise to audible components that can be accurately predicted and precisely controlled.

THEORY

IN TO THE DEPTHS OF AUDIO SPOTLIGHTING TECHNOLOGY
What ordinary audible sound & Conventional Loud Speakers lack? What we need?
About a half-dozen commonly used speaker types are in general use today. They range from piezoelectric tweeters that recreate the high end of the audio spectrum, to various kinds of mid-range speakers and woofers that produce the lower frequencies. Even the most sophisticated hi-fi speakers have a difficult time in reproducing clean bass, and generally rely on a large woofer/enclosure combination to assist in the task. Whether they be dynamic, electrostatic, or some other transducer-based design, all loudspeakers today have one thing in common: they are direct radiating-- that is, they are fundamentally a piston-like device designed to directly pump air molecules into motion to create the audible sound waves we hear. The audible portions of sound tend to spread out in all directions from the point of origin. They do not travel as narrow beams—which is why you don’t need to be right in front of a radio to hear music. In fact, the beam angle of audible sound is very wide, just about 360 degrees. This effectively means the sound that you hear will be propagated through air equally in all directions.
In order to focus sound into a narrow beam, you need to maintain a low beam angle that is dictated by wavelength. The smaller the wavelength, the less the beam angle, and hence, the more focused the sound. Unfortunately, most of the human-audible sound is a mixture of signals with varying wavelengths—between 2 cms to 17 meters (the human hearing ranges from a frequency of 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz). Hence, except for very low wavelengths, just about the entire audible spectrum tends to spread out at 360 degrees. To create a narrow sound beam, the aperture size of the source also matters—a large loudspeaker will focus sound over a smaller area. If the source loudspeaker can be made several times bigger than the wavelength of the sound transmitted, then a finely focused beam can be created. The problem here is that this is not a very practical solution. To ensure that the shortest audible wavelengths are focused into a beam, a loudspeaker about 10 meters across is required, and to guarantee that all the audible wavelengths are focused, even bigger loudspeakers are needed.

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

The Audio Spotlight & Hyper Sonic Sound Technology (developed by American Technology Corporation), uses ultrasonic energy to create extremely narrow beams of sound that behave like beams of light. Ultrasonic sound is that sound that has very small wavelength—in the millimeter range and you can’t hear ultrasound since it lies beyond the threshold of human hearing.

COMPONENTS AND SPECIFICATIONS

Audio Spotlight consists of three major components: a thin, circular transducer array, a signal processor and an amplifier. The lightweight, nonmagnetic transducer is about .5 inches (1.27 centimeters) thick, and it typically has an active area 1 foot (30.48 cm) in diameter. It can project a three-degree wide beam of sound that is audible even at distances over 100 meters (328 feet). The signal processor and amplifier are integrated into a system about the size of a traditional audio amplifier, and they use about the same amount of power.

NON-LINEARITY OF AIR

Audio spotlighting exploits the property of non-linearity of air. When inaudible ultrasound pulses are fired into the air, it spontaneously converts the inaudible ultrasound into audible sound tones, hence proved that as with water, sound propagation in air is just as non-linear, and can be calculated mathematically. A device known as a parametric array employs the non-linearity of the air to create audible by-products from inaudible ultrasound, resulting in an extremely directive, beamlike wide-band acoustical source. This source can be projected about an area much like a spotlight, and creates an actual spatialized sound distant from the transducer. The ultrasound column acts as an airborne speaker, and as the beam moves through the air, gradual distortion takes place in a predictable way. This gives rise to audible components that can be accurately predicted and precisely controlled. However, the problem with firing off ultrasound pulses, and having them interfere to produce audible tones is that the audible components created are nowhere similar to the complex signals in speech and music. Human speech, as well as music, contains multiple varying frequency signals, which interfere to produce sound and distortion. To generate such sound out of pure ultrasound tones is not easy. This is when teams of researchers from Ricoh and other Japanese companies got together to come up with the idea of using pure ultrasound signals as a carrier wave, and superimposing audible speech and music signals on it to create a hybrid wave. If the range of human hearing is expressed as a percentage of shift from the lowest audible frequency to the highest, it spans a range of 100,000%. No single loudspeaker element can operate efficiently or uniformly over this range of frequencies. In order to deal with this speaker manufacturers carve the audio spectrum into smaller sections. This requires multiple transducers and crossovers to create a 'higher fidelity' system with current technology.

CONCLUSION

“Being the most radical technological development in acoustics since the coil loudspeaker was invented in 1925... The audio spotlight will force people to rethink their relationship with sound…”
-NewyorkTimes
So we can conclude- Audio Spotlighting really “put sound where you want it” and will be “A REAL BOON TO THE FUTURE.”
 

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