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.ppt   a step towards wind energy.ppt (Size: 7.03 MB / Downloads: 974)




i want seminar report on wind energy technology...can u plz help me...waiting for your response...mail to karthik.in99[at]gmail.com
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full report on WIND ENERGY
Submitted by
Sumit patel
Branch:- Electrical

.docx   wind energy.docx (Size: 383.36 KB / Downloads: 434) ABSTRACT

Differential heating of the earth’s surface and atmosphere induces vertical and horizontal air currents that are affected by the earth’s rotation and contours of the land cause the generation of wind energy, which is as an alternative to fossil fuels, is plentiful, renewable, widely distributed, clean, and produces no greenhouse gas emissions during operation and can be converted into a useful form of energy, such as using wind turbines to make electricity, wind mills for mechanical power, wind pumps for pumping water or drainage, or sails to propel ships. In a wind farm, individual turbines are interconnected with a medium voltage , power collection system and communications network. At a substation, this medium-voltage electric current is increased in voltage with a transformer for connection to the high voltageelectric power transmission system. Large-scale wind farms are connected to the electric power transmission network; smaller facilities are used to provide electricity to isolated locations. However, the construction of wind farms is not universally welcomed because of their visual impact but any effects on the environment are generally among the least problematic of any power source
Interesting topic. I want to attend a seminar with this issue. I need to be more informed.

Introduction to wind

What is wind?
Wind is simply air in motion. It is produced by the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface by energy from the sun. Since the Earth’s surface is made of different types of land and water, it absorbs the sun’s radiant energy at different rates. Much of this energy is converted into heat as it is absorbed by land areas, bodies of water, and the air over these formations.

All renewable energy (except tidal and geothermal power), ultimately comes from the sun

The earth receives 1.74 x 1017 watts of power (per hour) from the sun

About one or 2 percent of this energy is converted to wind energy (which is about 50-100 times more than the energy converted to biomass by all plants on earth

Differential heating of the earth’s surface and atmosphere induces vertical and horizontal air currents that are affected by the earth’s rotation and contours of the land WIND. ~ e.g.: Land Sea Breeze Cycle

Wind velocity - measurement

Wind speed can be measured with wind gauges and anemometers. One type of anemometer is a device with three arms that spin on top of a shaft. Each arm has a cup on its end. The cups catch the wind and spin the shaft. The harder the wind blows, the faster the shaft spins. A device inside counts the number of rotations per minute and converts that figure into miles per hour (mph). A display on the anemometer shows the speed of the wind.

Modern Wind Machines

1. The moving air spins the turbine blades.
2. The blades are connected to a low-speed shaft. When the blades spin, the shaft turns.
3. The low-speed shaft is connected to a gearbox. Inside, a large slow-moving gear turns a small gear quickly.
4. The small gear turns another shaft at high speed.
5. The high-speed shaft is connected to a generator. As the shaft turns the generator, it produces electricity.
6. The electric current is sent through cables down the turbine tower to a transformer that changes the voltage of the current before it is sent out on transmission lines.

HAWT advantages

The tall tower base allows access to stronger wind in sites with wind shear. In some wind shear sites, every ten meters up the wind speed can increase by 20% and the power output by 34%.
High efficiency, since the blades always move perpendicularly to the wind, receiving power through the whole rotation. In contrast, all vertical axis wind turbines, and most proposed airborne wind turbine designs, involve various types of reciprocating actions, requiring airfoil surfaces to backtrack against the wind for part of the cycle. Backtracking against the wind leads to inherently lower efficiency.

VAWT advantages

No yaw mechanisms is needed.
A VAWT can be located nearer the ground, making it easier to maintain the moving parts.
VAWTs have lower wind startup speeds than the typical the HAWTs.
VAWTs may be built at locations where taller structures are prohibited.
VAWTs situated close to the ground can take advantage of locations where rooftops, mesas, hilltops, ridgelines, and passes funnel the wind and increase wind velocity.

Darrieus type rotor

Darrieus wind turbines are commonly called "Eggbeater" turbines, because they look like a giant eggbeater. They have good efficiency, but produce large torque ripple and cyclic stress on the tower, which contributes to poor reliability. Also, they generally require some external power source, or an additional Savonius rotor, to start turning, because the starting torque is very low. The torque ripple is reduced by using three or more blades which results in a higher solidity for the rotor. Solidity is measured by blade area over the rotor area.

Attached Files
.pptx   Wind Energy_Part 1.pptx (Size: 3.21 MB / Downloads: 236)

.ppt   WIND ENERGY.ppt (Size: 4.02 MB / Downloads: 388)


Wind is air in motion.
Is the result of the conversion of the potential energy of the atmosphere into kinetic energy due to pressure differential.
Most prominent feature of climatology in INDIA is the monsoon circulation.


Installation in shallow water few kilometers from the seashore.
The key feature for off-shore is high reliability of wind.
In innovative move, turbines are placed on floating platforms and anchored to the sea bottom.


Up to 10% is the short term goal for many countries.
Germany in particular, several power utilities are expecting future wind contribution as high as 30%.
Uncertainty of wind constitutes a challenge to achieve a much higher degree of grid penetration.
Work is on for wind models for predicting the power for next 24 to 48 hours

….Current Research Areas

Stand alone and non-grid WECS
Wind – Solar conversion systems for different applications
VAWT – aerodynamic studies of various configurations
Offshore – foundation, cable & peculiar issues of marine operation
Human resource development & assessment in fast emerging wind energy sector
Wind farm design and flow modelling


Wind power is emerging as an environment
friendly alternative to meet the ever
increasing world demand for electricity, at an
affordable price.

i dont know what is wind energy:-BlushConfusedHuh
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if you again feel trouble on WIND ENERGY please reply in that page and ask specific fields in WIND ENERGY

.doc   WIND ENERGY.doc (Size: 223 KB / Downloads: 25)


Engineering is a theoretical study as well as practical study but it is an implantation of all we study for creating something new and making things more easy and useful through practical study.
The electricity produced in India by thermal power plants and hydroelectric power plants are not sufficient as per the requirements and the loss of electricity and theft of electricity is more in these processes. Thus, we have an idea of generating electricity by using wind energy. The wind energy is readily available, abundant in quantity and also the cleanest source of energy. It can be used for multiple purposes like generation of electricity, compression of fluids and pumping of fluids.
In this project we will use a generator of appropriate volt, wind turbine, gear attachments.
The main objective of this project is to convert the mechanical forces into electricity with the help of wind turbine.


The report suggests about wind energy.In this seminar report we will learn that what is wind energy in actual and what wind energy is used for. We know that electricity is the most one need of everyone in this world. The growth of all the countries in this world is based on the electricity and to fill up this need, there are many large electrical power plants are established to generate the electricity. In india the electricity is generated in the thermal power plants or hydroelectric power plants. India is a large country and the consumption of power or electricity in India is very much. The power generation using thermal power plants is very costly. To overcome this problem the wind energy comes to take action.
Wind Energy is the kind of energy that is produced by wind. Wind energy is mostly used in the wind turbines and wind turbines can be used to generate the electricity. To produce the electricity with wind energy we need only three things that are wind turbine, generator and gear boxes. The wind turbine can be drived automatically with the help of wind energy and the generator is used to convert this mechanical energy into the electrical energy. Wind energy is a kinetic energy and this is converted into the mechanical energy by wind turbine and this mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy by generator.A simple and one wind turbine can produce the electricity sufficient for charging a battery but if someone needs to generate a high amount of electricity, more wind turbines can be concated using gear boxes. Wind is the most powerful force in the world and why should one not use this natural resource (wind energy) to generate the electricity.


Windmills were used in Persia (present-day Iran) as early as 200 B.C.The wind wheel of Heron of Alexandria marks one of the first known instances of wind powering a machine in history. However, the first known practical windmills were built in Sistan, a region between Afghanistan and Iran, from the 7th century. These "Panemone" were vertical axle windmills, which had long vertical driveshaft with rectangular blades. Made of six to twelve sails covered in reed matting or cloth material, these windmills were used to grind grain or draw up water, and were used in the gristmilling and sugarcane industries.
Windmills first appeared in Europe during the middle ages. The first historical records of their use in England date to the 11th or 12th centuries and there are reports of German crusaders taking their windmill-making skills to Syria around 1190. By the 14th century, Dutch windmills were in use to drain areas of the Rhine delta.
The first electricity generating wind turbine, was a battery charging machine installed in July 1887 by Scottish academic James Blyth to light his holiday home in Marykirk, Scotland. Some months later American inventor Charles F Brush built the first automatically operated wind turbine for electricity production in Cleveland, Ohio. Although Blyth's turbine was considered uneconomical in the United Kingdom electricity generation by wind turbines was more cost effective in countries with widely scattered populations. In Denmark by 1900, there were about 2500 windmills for mechanical loads such as pumps and mills, producing an estimated combined peak power of about 30 MW. The largest machines were on 24-metre (79 ft) towers with four-bladed 23-metre (75 ft) diameter rotors. By 1908 there were 72 wind-driven electric generators operating in the US from 5 kW to 25 kW. Around the time of World War I, American windmill makers were producing 100,000 farm windmills each year, mostly for water-pumping. By the 1930s, wind generators for electricity were common on farms, mostly in the United States where distribution systems had not yet been installed. In this period, high-tensile steel was cheap, and the generators were placed atop prefabricated open steel lattice towers.


Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, has been harnessed by humans since ancient times using a range of ever-evolving technologies. Solar energy technologies include solar heating, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal electricity and solar architecture, which can make considerable contributions to solving some of the most urgent problems the world now faces.
Solar technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute solar energy. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal collectors to harness the energy. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favourable thermal mass or light dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air.

Wind Energy

Wind is simply air in motion. It is caused by the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface by radiant energy from the sun. Since the Earth’s surface is made of very different types of land and water, it absorbs the sun’s energy at different rates. Water usually does not heat or cool as quickly as land because of its physical properties. An ideal situation for the formation of local wind is an area where land and water meet. During the day, the air above the land heats up more quickly than the air above water. The warm air over the land expands, becomes less dense and rises. The heavier, denser, cool air over the water flows in to take its place, creating wind. In the same way, the atmospheric winds that circle the Earth are created because the land near the equator is heated more by the sun than land near the North and South Poles.

Blade design

The ratio between the speed of the blade tips and the speed of the wind is called tip speed ratio. High efficiency 3-blade-turbines have tip speed/wind speed ratios of 6 to 7. Modern wind turbines are designed to spin at varying speeds. Use of aluminium and composite materials in their blades has contributed to low rotational inertia, which means that newer wind turbines can accelerate quickly if the winds pick up, keeping the tip speed ratio more nearly constant. Operating closer to their optimal tip speed ratio during energetic gusts of wind allows wind turbines to improve energy capture from sudden gusts that are typical in urban settings.

Blade materials

Wood and canvas sails were used on early windmills due to their low price, availability, and ease of manufacture. Smaller blades can be made from light metals such as aluminium. These materials, however, require frequent maintenance. Wood and canvas construction limits the airfoil shape to a flat plate, which has a relatively high ratio of drag to force captured (low aerodynamic efficiency) compared to solid airfoils. Construction of solid airfoil designs requires inflexible materials such as metals or composites.
New wind turbine designs push power generation from the single megawatt range to upwards of 10 megawatts using larger and larger blades. A larger area effectively increases the tip-speed ratio of a turbine at a given wind speed, thus increasing its energy extraction. Computer-aided engineering software such as HyperSizer can be used to improve blade design.


In electricity generation, an electric generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy. A generator forces electric charge (usually carried by electrons) to flow through an external electrical circuit. It is analogous to a water pump, which causes water to flow (but does not create water). The source of mechanical energy may be a reciprocating or turbine steam engine, water falling through a turbine or waterwheel, an internal combustion engine, a wind turbine, a hand crank, compressed air or any other source of mechanical energy.
The reverse conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy is done by an electric motor, and motors and generators have many similarities. In fact many motors can be mechanically driven to generate electricity, and very frequently make acceptable generators.
For large, commercial size horizontal-axis wind turbines, the generator is mounted in a nacelle at the top of a tower, behind the hub of the turbine rotor. Typically wind turbines generate electricity through asynchronous machines that are directly connected with the electricity grid. Usually the rotational speed of the wind turbine is slower than the equivalent rotation speed of the electrical network - typical rotation speeds for a wind generators are 5-20 rpm while a directly connected machine will have an electrical speed between 750-3600 rpm. Therefore, a gearbox is inserted between the rotor hub and the generator. This also reduces the generator cost and weight.
Older style wind generators rotate at a constant speed, to match power line frequency, which allowed the use of less costly induction generators. Newer wind turbines often turn at whatever speed generates electricity most efficiently. This can be solved using multiple technologies such as doubly fed induction generators or full-effect converters where the variable frequency current produced is converted to DC and then back to AC, matching the line frequency and voltage. Although such alternatives require costly equipment and cause power loss, the turbine can capture a significantly larger fraction of the wind energy. In some cases, especially when turbines are sited offshore, the DC energy will be transmitted from the turbine to a central (onshore) inverter for connection to the grid.

Hey, this is Arun from Getmyuni and I'm an Engineering Graduate from one of the top engineering colleges in Bangalore.i'm here to shed some light on the topic at hand, Wind Energy which was my third-year project.

What is Wind Energy?

Wind Energy is the power generated from electric generators that are linked to wind turbines that use the force created by fast moving winds to gather energy which is later utilised to produce electricity.

Why Wind Energy?
It is a great alternative to burning fuel, its main resource is abundant in nature, completely clean and doesn't emit any green house gases.

Usage of wind energy has been exponential and continues to grow even today.

Nowadays, there are wind farms that use wind power to create energy. These wind farms are carefully chosen since most places are not faced with constant high winds throughout the year.

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